18th Feb – Copyright


Leo Dickinson – took photos of the building construction (from cane) in Blackpool. When the building was finished, he went to the company who owned it and sold the images to them

Copyright questions:

ad 2: if working for the studio/agency, taking commercial photographs, photographer doesn’t own the copyright, however photographer can use images for self promotion; have to credit the source, e.g. photos taken for The Guardian

ad 5: moral right can’t be bought or sold; always need to be careful with how we use photos – CONTEXT

Famous photo of Che Guevara was released to the public with no copyright, which resulted in its broad use around the world; including Che vodka, which caused their designers  much trouble and they ended up being fined for misuse of the image

By putting images on the sites like Facebook, Flickr, Twitter or Instagram, we may give away the copyright to them. ALWAYS READ Ts&Cs!

Great website for tracking our images is

If someone is using my image without my knowledge/permission, I can:

  • request money
  • request credit

if refused:

  • request to take it down
  • take legal action against them ( small claims court )
  • threaten with ‘bad’ promotion of their website, magazine etc

Image harvest:

  • small competitions, with small prizes – created to get images for commercial use without buying them. Ts&Cs hide sentences like “in perpetuity…”, “world rights…” etc, which means everyone who ENTERS the competition, looses their copyright to that image.
  • even big companies/brands like National Geographic are using this technique to harvest photos

When publishing work, always ask for money, negotiate, that includes license.

It is possible to add a copyright to metadata on the camera – LOOK FOR SETTING ON YOUR CAMERA

When invoicing a client, add ‘read Ts&Cs on my website’ at the bottom to cover yourself in case misuse of the image. In the Ts&Cs it says that client can’t use your work, unless the invoice is paid in full.

It’s also worth stating that you don’t give away copyrights, which means that if someone buys a photo of me and use it commercially, I still need to be credited for it.

When taking photos of the event, make sure organizer has copyrights for publishing covered in their Ts&Cs


Robert Parkinson

Mass observation – project in Bolton; people watching and documenting everyday life in Bolton – 1930/40s

Fluxus – anti art, experimental movement; against classical art
One of the members, John Cage did 4’33” piece, which essentially was a 4,5 minutes of silence. He claimed to invent it too. Their motto was ‘Glorify the everyday’

‘Preston is my Paris’ zine was given out for free in galleries , newsagents, cafes etc and contained photographs of everyday life in Preston

Robert Parkinson is inspired by artists like:

George Perec who said to “Question your teaspoon’ meaning to consider our surroundings more and look at our everyday life from a different perspective

Douglas Huebler and his work called “Durata”

George A. Tice “and his work “A new Jersey Portrait”

Lewis Baltz – New Topographic

Stephen Shore “Uncommon places” – photographed in colour, unlike other photographers of this kind

Ed Ruscha – Every building on the sunset Strip

Joel Sternfeld – On this side

Stephen Gill  – A book of field studies

Layla Sailor

  • Inspired by work of Man Ray, surrealism, dada
  • Kokoshnik – breakthrough in her career
  • Nick Knight – experimental fashion photographer, who also inspired her practice
  • collaborated with Pussy Riot
  • Props, outfits created by herself; no need for a big budget, i.e. BE CREATIVE
  • taking her inspiration from the political conflicts and situation around the world, particularly in Russia; visual image is a great media for expressing political/anti-political views, supporting campaigns etc
  • it’s not always bad to do things wrong/against the rules of photography, however you need to be familiar with rules to break them
  • take risks in your work and practice
  • ‘Whitney Port Bits & Bobs’ project
  • makes a moving image for every photoshoot
  • Collaborated with Siobhan Cooper – stylist from Manchester
  • always enter and look for competitions; good one to look out for is Hyeres – french competition
  • PYMCA – started off as archive; good source of inspiration and photos about subcultures
  • Exactitudes – another source of inspiration about subcultures
  • Rebecca Lewis – good photo series on mods etc
  • Nicky Lee – ?
  • real name – Layla Regan; works under this name as well, completely different style and practice

Concept and creativity – Layla Sailor’s workshop and exercise brief 

The use of narrative in fashion photography

  • In photography narrative is related to idea of content
  • Fashion photography is more about setting the mood, context, rather than telling the story
  • flashback, memories and other arrangements of time
  • Linear narrative:
    • introduces location
    • gives story a face
    • follows a dramatic form
  • Non-linear:
    • runs as a ‘story’ through colours, moods etc
    • dreamlike or abstract narrative
  • Mario Sorentti – LOOK UP
  • Eugenie Shinckle – essays on fashion photography
  • Miles Aldrige – 50’s style – LOOK UP
  • Great research creates integrity of the image
  • when taking photos of people, be truthful, honest. Spend some time with your models; your effort will show on the photos

Creating a Cohesive Visual Narrative:

  • Who is your character?
  • what are the events/movements?
  • What is the context?
  • How will you translate this?

Personification – creating a character:

  • Research
  • Identify
  • Integrity
  • Target audience must believe in them
  • get inspiration from film (really good for lighting ideas), magazines, books, other photographers
  • createamindmap of character’s background:
    • who is she/he?
    • what does she/he do?
    • does she/he have someone?
    • what does she/he ware?
    • where does she/he work?
  • Styling – what was the silhouette? Masculine, feminine, tailored, shabby? use it as inspiration; break rules
  • Photographically – what lighting? what type of film? technique used in the era?
  • The colour palette?
  • Do they have a modern edge?
  • Are they current/next season? Be familiar with the current trends – is a very good website for inspiration
  • poses, props and outfits need to be varied
  • What was in fashion in terms of casting?
  • Fashion is a mirror to society – what events were influencing fashion?
  • Rule of thumb – one final image per outfit



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